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Tai lieu on tap mon TU TUONG HCM

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Tai lieu on tap mon "Tu tuong Ho Chi Minh"

Dien dan dientuvienthong.net suu tam

Cau 1: Trinh bay nguon goc hinh thanh Tu tuong Ho Chi Minh

Dap an:

Bat cu mot TT nao cung phai co nguon goc, co so hinh thanh, do chinh la tuan theo qui luat hinh thanh TT tu it den nhieu, tu hinh thuc den noi dung, ban chat. Vi vay, TTHCM cung ko nam ngoai qui luat do.

1. Nguon goc:

a. Truyen thong tot dep cua dan toc:

- Long yeu nuoc va chu nghia yeu nuoc duoc hinh thanh tu rat som va tro thanh mot tinh chat cua moi nguoi dan Viet va day la mot yeu to quan trong nhat de Nguyen Tat Thanh di vao con duong cach mang (Long yeu nuoc la cai von co cua nguoi dan Viet. Van de dat ra la Dang phai khoi goi).

- Cho den nay, moi thang loi cua cach mang Viet Nam ke ca thang loi cong cuoc doi moi deu co coi nguon tu long yeu nuoc, voi hoc thuyet duoc du nhap vao Viet Nam deu phai thong qua long yeu nuoc va chu nghia yeu nuoc cua nguoi dan Viet.

- Truyen thong doan ket, doan ket la su gan bo hop tac voi nhau de tao nen suc manh. Truyen thong doan ket duoc hinh thanh cung voi su hinh thanh cua dan toc Viet va cung la coi nguon cua suc manh dan toc Viet. Co 4 hinh thuc doan ket co ban:

+ Doan ket gia dinh

+ Doan ket trong cong dong va dong ho

+ Doan ket trong cong dong lang xa.

+ Doan ket quoc gia dan toc the hien o cho: Co tinh noi dung, co van hoa chung va co ngay gio to chung (10/3. am lich)

- Truyen thong nhan van nhan ai quy trong con nguoi, huong con nguoi vao lam dieu thien, dong thoi xu ly tinh te cac moi quan he, gia dinh, vo chong, anh em, ho hang va de cao tinh nghia, quy tac ung xu trong xa hoi. Do do nguoi Viet song tinh cam hon, nhan nghia hon, thong minh hon.

- Trong loi song cua nguoi Viet: gian di, khiem nhuong, coi mo va dac biet khong cuc doan, co chap. Vi vay co the tiep thu nhung cai hay, cai tot, cai dep cua dan toc khac.

- Truyen thong van hien: Van hien la su ket hop nhuan nhuyen cua 3 yeu to sau day. Tri thuc, dao duc, cai dep.

- Dan toc Viet co kha nang hoc, hieu hoc, coi trong su hoc, luon luon ton vinh nhung nguoi hoc cao, do dat.

b. Tinh hoa nhan loai:

- Tinh hoa van hoa phuong Dong: Nguoi tiep thu Dao phat va Nho giao

+ HCM ra doi trong 1 gia dinh Nho giao nen Nguoi da tiep thu nhung quan diem tot dep cua Nho giao. Nguoi danh gia rat cao Khong Tu. Ngay 19/5/1966, Nguoi den tham Khong Tu, khac chu len bia da: "Khong Tu la nguoi thay vi dai nhat cua nhan loai".

+ Nguoi dung rat nhieu nhung khai niem, pham tru nho giao nhu: "Vi loi ich muoi nam trong cay, vi loi ich tram nam trong nguoi" (Thap nien thu moc, bach nien thu nhan)

+ Nguoi danh gia rat cao tu tuong binh dang cua nha Phat: "Ta la Phat da thanh con chung sinh la Phat se thanh"

- Trong tinh hoa van hoa phuong Tay.

+ HCM da nghien cuu tiep thu TT van hoa dan chu va CM cua CM Phap, CM My, trong do co Tuyen ngon nhan quyen va dan quyen cua Phap va Tuyen ngon doc lap nam 1776 cua My.

+ Nguoi danh gia rat cao ve chua Jesu. Nguoi tiep thu nhung tu tuong cua nhung nha khai sang Phap.

c. Chu nghia Mac-Lenin

Chu nghia Mac-Lenin la nguon goc ly luan truc tiep, quyet dinh ban chat tu tuong Ho Chi Minh. Ho Chi Minh khang dinh: "Chu nghia Lenin doi voi chung ta, nhung nguoi cach mang va nhan dan Viet Nam, khong nhung la cai "cam nang" than ky, khong nhung la cai kim chi nam ma con la mat troi soi sang duong chung ta di toi thang loi cuoi cung, di toi chu nghia xa hoi va chu nghia cong san"

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