Check the Korean hangul charts above. You’ll find some patterns with the Korean syllable blocks in the list of Korean letters. They are just combinations of Korean consonants and vowels. Forming a Korean letter using the consonants and the vowels from above is very easy. As mentioned above, you form hangul letters by putting them into a square shape and that’s a Korean syllable.
1) If the vowel has a long vertical line, like ㅏ, ㅑ, ㅓ, ㅕ, or ㅣ, the consonant comes in on the left half, and the vowel comes in on the right half.
ㅇ + ㅏ = 아 [a]
ㄱ + ㅓ = 거 [geo]
ㅂ + ㅣ = 비 [bi]
2) If the vowel has a long horizontal line, like ㅗ, ㅛ, ㅜ, ㅠ, or ㅡ, the consonant comes in on the upper half, and the vowel comes in on the lower half.
ㅇ + ㅗ = 오 [o]
ㅈ + ㅜ = 주 [ju]
ㅋ + ㅠ = 큐 [kyu]
You can make even more combinations by combining a consonant and a combined vowel as follows. Don’t worry - you don’t need to memorize them all! You only need to understand how they’re combined. You’ll naturally read and write once you understand them.
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