Lezione 25-More personal pronouns (part 1)

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Bella!

Ok, you can say this to ANY person your age if you're still in your teens. It literally means: 'Pretty'/'Beautiful' but in this case is used to say 'Hey there!'. You usually give someone a high-five or shake their hand when saying this, not to mention knuckles :3

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It may sound like the most boring thing in the world-grammar.

But you're here to learn how to speak italiano, right? So gramMAtica (grammar) is essential to your learning.

Right, let's get down and dirty! (lol)

Objective: To learn personal pronouns.

Interesting fact: The name Italy comes from the word italia, meaning "calf land," perhaps because the bull was a symbol of the Southern Italian tribes.

Advice of the day: No matter how difficult Italian (or any other language) may seem, never give up learning it. Its fruits come later.

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Now è ora (it's time) to learn the Object pronouns. Cosa sono? They are the pronouns that express the person to whom the action is done. Wait... wha????


Example:

"I ate an apple"

Now change that into a sentence with an object pronoun:

"I ate it".

What did I eat? An apple. It is called a direct object-because the action is done directly to the object (apple).


In English, like in other languages, we have a direct object pronoun for each person, so let's see what they are like in Italian:


Me-Me/Mi

You-Te/Ti

Him-Lo/Lui

Her-La/Lei

It-Lo/La

Us-Ci/Noi

You (plural form)-Vi/Voi

Them-Li/Loro/Essi

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The pronouns I highlighted are the ones we will be looking at today.

Try and get them in your head.


Before getting to know them, you may have asked why there are two or more possible forms to express the direct object in Italian. Well, it depends on where you put them in a sentence.


Seeing that word order is fairly free in Italian, you can sometimes start a sentence with the direct object, implying the subject as already mentioned. Although in English the subject always goes before the action, in our romantic language from the mediterranean this isn't always the case.


Example: "I read (present) the newspaper". In Italian this would be:

"(Io) leggo il giornale".

The direct object, 'giornale' (newspaper) is placed at the end of the sentence, just like in English.


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