i. ASCLEPIUS

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GREEK NAME
Ασκληπιος

TRANSLITERATION
Asklêpios, Asclepius

ROMAN NAME
Aesculapius

TRANSLATION
To Cut Open



ASKLEPIOS (Asclepius) was the god of medicine. He was also the patron god, and reputed ancestor, of the Asklepiades (Asclepiades), the ancient guild of doctors.

Asklepios was the son of Apollo and the Trikkaian (Triccaean) princess Koronis (Coronis). His mother died in labour and when she was laid out on the pyre, Apollo cut the unborn child from her womb. From this Asklepios received his name which means "to cut open." Asklepios was raised by the centaur Kheiron (Chiron) who instructed him in the art of medicine. He grew so skilled in the craft that he was able to restore the dead to life. This was a crime against the natural order and so Zeus destroyed him with a thunderbolt.

After his death Asklepios was placed amongst the stars as the constellation Ophiochus ("the Serpent Holder"). Some say his mother was also set in the heavens as Corvus, the crow (korônê in Greek). Asklepios' apotheosis into godhood occurred at the same time. He was sometimes identified with Homer's Paion (Paeon), the physician of the gods.

Asklepios was depicted as a kindly, bearded man holding a serpent-entwined staff. Although he is largely absent from ancient Greek vase painting, statues of the god are quite common.




PARENTS apollo and coronis
WIFE epione
GOD OF medicine, doctors
SYMBOLS serpent-entwined staff
SACRED ANIMALS snake
RETINUE hygeia, iaso, panacea, aegle
CONSTELLATION phiochus

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