Lezione 6-Verb conjugation

521 14 7

Welcome back! Are you enjoying this? Spero di sì! (I hope so!)

************

*Before we start, I'd just like to point out that the video corresponding to this lesson may not be the best or most helpful, but it's the best I could find on YouTube for now. :)*

First of all, in Italian there are three types of verbs:

the ones ending in -are, ones ending in -ere and those ending in -ire. Each one has its own particular pattern that really helps foreigners (and Italians) learn their verbs.

 Today I will teach you three simple verbs: mangiare (to eat), leggere (to read) e dormire (to sleep).

 There are two other ones in the video which you should be able to conjugate after this lesson ;).

Cominciamo con un verbo (a verb) that ends in -are and see how it is conjugated:

Mangiare (Man-JAH-reh)-to eat-

Io mangio-I eat; (The rule of thumb here is all verbs terminate in -o for the 1st person singular)

Tu mangi-You eat   -i for the second singular,

Lui/Lei mangia-He/She eats -a for the third singular ONLY for -are verbs,

Noi mangiamo-We eat -amo for the first plural,

Voi mangiate-You (plural) eat -ate for the second ONLY for -are verbs,

Loro mangiano-They eat and -ano for the third ONLY for -are verbs.

So the root/stem of the verb stays the same in conjugation.

Root/stem? It's the part of the verb that doesn't change :)

Ex.: Mangiare: the root Mangi- remains the same, -are doesn't BUT it gets cut off from the root.

Let's see with a verb ending in -ere

Leggere-to read (pronounced 'LEH-jeh-reh)

Io leggo-I read -o for the 1st singular,

Tu leggi-You read -i for the 2nd,

Lui/Lei legge-He/She reads -e for the 3rd ONLY for -ere and -ire verbs,

Noi leggiamo-We read -iamo for the 1st plural,

Voi leggete-You read (leh-JEH-teh) -ete for the 2nd ONLY for -ere verbs,

Loro leggono-They read and -ono for the 3rd ONLY for -ere and -ire verbs.

So what disappears from the root here? The termination: -ere.

Pronunciation is vital at this point: remember how the 'g' is pronounced like 'Got' before 'a', 'o' and 'u'? But pronounced as a 'J' like 'Jeans' when before 'e' and 'i?'

Exactly! So 'Leggo' and 'Leggono' are pronounced with a 'G' as in 'Lego', but longer.

However, with 'Leggi', 'Legge', 'Leggiamo' and 'Leggete' the g is like a 'J'. So noi abbiamo: Leh-jee, Leh-jjeh, Lej-jiamoh and leh-jeh-teh. (Think of 'Gone' and 'Gin' in English)

Done! Just one more set of verbs though-this time belonging to the -ire group.

Dormire-To sleep

Io dormo-I sleep -o for 1st singular

Tu dormi-You sleep -i for 2nd singular

Lui/Lei dorme-He/She sleeps -e for 3rd singular ONLY for -ere and -ire verbs,

Noi dormiamo-We sleep -iamo for 1st plural,

Voi dormite-You (plural) sleep -ite for 2nd plural ONLY for -ire verbs,

Loro dormono-They sleep and -ono for 3rd plural ONLY for -ere and -ire verbs.

And in this case we eliminate the -ere from the root.

Think you got the hang of it? Revise if you haven't, or try some exercises if you think you have:

*Conjugate the following verbs (without looking above!):

Leggere-Tu______

Mangiare-Noi ________

Mangiare-Loro_________

Leggere-Io_______

Dormire-Tu_____

Leggere-Lui/Lei_____

Mangiare-Voi_____

Dormire-Io_____

Dormire-Loro_____

Mangiare-Tu_____

Leggere-Noi_____

Dormire-Voi_____

How much did you get out of 12? Write it down and correct your mistakes!

0-1 Message me! 2-3-revise, 4-6-not bad but need more revision, 7-9-good!, 10-12-BRAVISSIMI!!! (Well done! to more than one person).

P.S: Should you ever wish to see how any verb conjugates, but haven't found the right material yet, try buying a book on Italian verbs, or use http://www.italian-verbs.com/. Type in the selected verb in the 'CONIUGA' (conjugate) box then view the 'Indicativo' and underneath, 'presente'. This is the indicative present form of verbs.

Italian Gone Sexy (IGS)Read this story for FREE!