Service in World War 1
During the First World War, Carpathia was used to transfer Canadian and American troops to Europe. She was used as a troopship by the Canadian Expeditionary Force. At least some of her voyages we're in convoy, sailing from New York trough Halifax to Liverpool and Glasgow. Among her passengers during the war was Frank Buckles, who went on to become the last surviving American Veterans of the war.
On 15 July 1918, Carpathia departed Liverpool in a convoy bound for Boston. On the summer morning of 17 July she was torpedoed, at 9:15, in the Celtic Sea by the German submarine U-55. Of the two torpedoes initially fired at the ship one impact the port side while the other penetrated the engine room, killing 3 firemen and 2 trimmers. As Carpathia become to settle by the head and list to port, Captain William Prothero gave the order to abandon the ship. All 57 passengers (26 saloon class and 21 steerage) and the surviving crew members boarded the lifeboat as the vessel sank.
There we're a total of 218 survivors. U-55 surface and fired a third torpedo into the ship and was approaching the lifeboats when the Azalea-class sloop HMS Snowdrop arrived on the scene and drove away the submarine with gunfire before picking up the survivors of Carpathia. Carpathia sank at 11:00 am at a position recorded by Snowdrop as 49.25 N 10.25 W, approximately 120 mi (190 km) west of Fastnet.
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