LEVEL 1•LESSON 6- 이에요 [i-e-yo] & 예요 [ye-yo] (PART II)

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[PART II]
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After studying with this lesson, you will be able to say "This is ABC." and also ask "Is this ABC?" and "What is this?" in polite/formal Korean.

이에요 / 예요 [i-e-yo / ye-yo]

In the previous lesson, you learned how 이에요 [i-e-yo] and 예요 [ye-yo] can be placed after a noun to express the meaning of "It is ABC" or "I am DEF."

Review / Example

책 [chaek] + 이에요 [i-e-yo] = 책이에요. [chaek-i-e-yo]
It's a book.

저 [ jeo] + 예요 [ye-yo] = 저예요. [ jeo-ye-yo]
It's me.

** 이에요 and 예요 have a similar role to that of the English verb "to be".

Final consonant + 이에요 [i-e-yo]
No final consonant (Only vowel) + 예요 [ye-yo]

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이거 [i-geo] = this, this one

[i] ("this") + [geot] ("thing") = 이것 [i-geot] --> 이거 [i-geo]

이거 [i-geo] is originally 이것 [i-geot] and it is a combination of [i] ("this") and [geot] ("thing") but it is often used as just 이거 [i-geo] for the ease of pronunciation.

Sample Sentences

이거 책이에요. [i-geo chaek-i-e-yo]
= This is a book.

이거 카메라예요. [i-geo ka-me-ra-ye-yo] = This is a camera.

이거 커피예요. [i-geo keo-pi-ye-yo]
= This is coffee.

이거 사전이에요. [i-geo sa-jeon-i-e-yo]
= This is a dictionary.

이거 뭐예요? [i-geo mwo-ye-yo?]
= What is this?

In Lesson 5, we introduced the question, 뭐예요? [mwo-ye-yo?] and it means "What is it?" You can add 이거 [i-geo] in front of it to ask "What is this?"

이거 뭐예요? [i-geo mwo-ye-yo?]
= What is this?

이거 핸드폰이에요. [i-geo haen-deu-pon-i-e-yo]
= This is a cellphone.

이거 뭐예요? [i-geo mwo-ye-yo?]
= What is this?

이거 물이에요. [i-geo mul-i-e-yo]
= This is water.

이거 뭐예요? [i-geo mwo-ye-yo?]
= What is this?

이거 커피예요. [i-geo keo-pi-ye-yo]
= This is coffee.

Do you remember how to say "No"?

이거 커피예요? [i-geo keo-pi-ye-yo?]
= Is this coffee?

아니요. 이거 물이에요. [a-ni-yo. i-geo mul-i-e-yo]
= No. This is water.

Do you remember how to say "Yes, that's right"?

이거 커피예요? [i-geo keo-pi-ye-yo?]
= Is this coffee?

네. 맞아요. 이거 커피예요. [ne. ma-ja-yo. i-geo keo-pi-ye-yo]

= Yes, that's right. This is coffee.

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