LEVEL 1•LESSON 6- 이에요 [i-e-yo] & 예요 [ye-yo] (PART I)

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When you want to say that ABC "is" DEF in Korean, if the word for "DEF" has a final consonant in the last letter, you add 이에요 [i-e-yo], but if it doesn't have a final consonant and ends in
a vowel, you add 예요 [ye-yo].
This is just to make the pronounciation of the connected part easier, so it will come naturally if you practice with some sample sentences.

Final consonant + 이에요 [i-e-yo]
No final consonant (Only vowel) + 예요 [ye-yo]

Sample sentences

물이에요. = + 이에요 [mul + i-e-yo] (It's) water.

가방이에요. = 가방 + 이에요 [ga-bang + i-e-yo] (It's) a bag.

사무실이에요. = 사무실 + 이에요 [sa-mu-sil + i-e-yo]
(It's) an office.

학교예요. = 학교 + 예요 [hak-gyo + ye-yo] (It's) a school.

저예요. = + 예요 [jeo + ye-yo]
(It's) me.

As you can see from the examples above, in Korean, you don't have to use articles like "a/an" or "the" as in English. So when you look up a noun in your Korean dictionary, you can add 이에 요 or 예요 and then it means "It is ABC." "That is DEF." "I am XYZ."
You can also make this a question simply by raising the tone at the end of the sentence.

물이에요. [mul-i-e-yo] = It's water.

물이에요? [mul-i-e-yo?] = Is that water? Is this water?

학교예요. [hak-gyo-ye-yo] = It's a school.

학교예요? [hak-yo-ye-yo] = Is it a school? Are you at school now?

뭐 [mwo] = what

뭐예요? [mwo-ye-yo?] = What is it? What's that?

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