LEVEL 1• LESSON 5- Korean Sentence Structure

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After studying with this lesson, you will be able to say things like "A is B(noun)." or "I am ABC(noun)." in polite/formal Korean.

이에요 / 예요 [i-e-yo / ye-yo]

이에요 and 예요 have a similar role to that of the English verb "to be". The fundamental difference, however, is the sentence structure that they are used in.

English sentence structure:

ABC + [be] + DEF.
** DEF is a noun here.

Ex)
ABC is DEF.
I am ABC. You are XYZ.

Korean sentence structure:

ABC + DEF + [be]
** DEF is a noun here.

Ex)
이거 ABC 예요. [i-geo ABC-ye-yo] = This is ABC.

In English, the verb "to be" is changed to "am" "are" or "is" depending on the subject of the sentence, but in Korean, you decide whether to use 이에요 [i-e-yo] or 예요 [ye-yo] depending on whether the last letter in the previous word ended in a consonant or a vowel. 이에요 and 예 요 are very similar and also sound similar so it is not such a big problem if you mix up these two, but it is better to know the correct forms.

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