Lezione 37-'I have to', 'I must' & 'I should'

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Wella reg! 'Reg' is short for 'raga' which is short for 'ragazzi' hahaaha (slang words)


Today's lesson is very important as I'm going to teach you on how to express having to do something.

Look at the following phrases, for example:

I have to do my homework

You must go home

He shouldn't do that


E in italiano?



To have to-dovere (dov-EH-reh)

This verb is also meant to say 'assignment' or 'chore', when untreated as a verb. It is also masculine, in this case: il dovere, i doveri (chore, chores).

Doveri di casa-house chores

When treated as a verb, it either means 'have to do' or 'must do' depending on the situation. Simply add the infinitive form after, like in English:

dovere+infinitive verb+complements.

Example: Devo fare-I have to do/must do








As you can see, it is an irregular verb because of the first two 2° plural persons, 'noi' and 'voi'.

Let's use it in examples.

Devo fare i compiti oggi-I have to do my homework today

Devi fare i compiti-You must do your homework/you have to do your homework

Deve andare a scuola!-he/she must go to school!

Deve andare a scuola tutti i giorni-He/she has to/must go to school everyday

The difference is the third sentence ends with an exclamation mark, making it a 'must' verb. This may vary, however.

Non dobbiamo mangiare tanto-We don't have to eat a lot./We mustn't eat too much. (with must, change 'a lot' to 'too much' in English.)

Dovete vedere questo film!-You have to see this movie!

Devono dormire presto-they have to sleep early

Eccetera. (e-CHEH-teh-rah)


How about 'should'? It's also very important to know in Italian as it can be used as a form of advice, therefore not impolite.

should-conditional present of verb 'dovere'

io dovrei-I should

tu dovresti-you should

lui/lei dovrebbe-he/she should

noi dovremmo-we should

voi dovreste-you should

loro doVREbbero-they should

(Note: The third person singular 'dovrebbe' is similar to the third person plural 'dovrebbero')

Conjugate it the same way as you would with 'dovere'!

Dovresti leggere! You should read!

Dovrebbe parlare-He/She should speak

Dovremmo imparare bene l'inglese-we should learn to speak English well

Non dovrei dire niente-I shouldn't say anything


Mi raccomando! (Attention!/be careful!). Dovremmo has two m's, not one. 'Dovremo' is actually a word and means 'we will have to'!

I will be putting exercises soon. I mean, dovrei presto... (I should soon...)

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