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So sanh trong tieng Anh

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#Comparison :: so sanh

Equal comparision :: so sanh bang

Pattern :: mau cau

(Not) + so + adj / adv + as +

(number) as + adj / adv + as +

The same + noun + as +

Vocabulary

Heavy / light :: nang / nhe ( mo ta khoi luong :: weight)

Wide / narrow :: rong / hep ( mo ta chieu rong :: width)

Deep / shallow :: nong /sau (mo ta chieu sau :: depth)

Long / short :: dai / ngan (mo ta chieu dai :: length)

Big / small :: to / nho (mo ta kich thuoc :: size)

Examples :: vi du

Five times as fast as comparable areas during the industrial revolution

As far as is known

It costs twice as much as...

Comparative :: so sanh hon

Pattern :: mau cau

(far / much) + (less / more) + adj / adv - ER + than + clause.

S + V + the + adj- ER + of the two + N = of the two + N + S + V + the + adj- ER

Multiple number comparative

(Number multiple) + as + many/much + N + as ::

Double comparatives - so sanh kep :: Cang... Cang...

The more + S + V + the more + S + V + ::

Ex.

Herry is the smarter of the two boys.

This encyclopedia costs twice as much as the other one.

The hotter it is, the more miserable I fell.

The more we study, the smarter we will be.

It has a longer history than any region of North America.

Much too much for (sb) : excess :: du

Much more quickly

Much too fast

Supperlative :: so sanh hon nhat

Pattern :: mau cau

( Much) + the (most / least) + adj / adv - EST + in / of + N

One of the + (most / least) + adj / adv - EST + plural N + single V +

The first + adj / adv + S + to - inf

Ex.

One of the greatest tennis players in the world is Bjorn Borg.

Vocabulary:: xay dung tinh tu so sanh

Regular

Short adj/adv (1 syllable) :: tinh tu ngan, tu co 1am tiet,

Short adj/adv # add -ER or - EST :: tinh tu ngan, tu co 1am tiet, chi can them hau to -ER hay - EST de thanh lap tinh tu so sanh.

adj/adv - Single vowel - single consonant # (double the consonant) + ER / EST:: tinh tu co cau tao gom 1nguyen am - 1 phu am o cuoi chu, thi can lap lai phu am truoc khi them hau to -ER hay - EST de thanh lap tinh tu so sanh.

Long adj/adv (>= 2 syllables) :: tinh tu ngan la tu co 2 am tiet tro len,

More/ the most + Long adj/adv -ed / -ful / - ish / - ous.

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