So sanh trong tieng Anh

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#Comparison :: so sanh 

Equal comparision :: so sanh bang 

Pattern :: mau cau  

(Not) + so + adj / adv + as +  

(number) as + adj / adv + as +  

The same + noun + as +  

Vocabulary 

Heavy / light :: nang / nhe ( mo ta khoi luong :: weight) 

Wide / narrow :: rong / hep ( mo ta chieu rong :: width) 

Deep / shallow :: nong /sau (mo ta chieu sau :: depth)  

Long / short :: dai / ngan (mo ta chieu dai :: length) 

Big / small :: to / nho (mo ta kich thuoc :: size) 

Examples :: vi du 

Five times as fast as comparable areas during the industrial revolution  

As far as is known 

It costs twice as much as...  

Comparative :: so sanh hon  

Pattern :: mau cau  

(far / much) + (less / more) + adj / adv - ER + than + clause. 

S + V + the + adj- ER + of the two + N = of the two + N + S + V + the + adj- ER  

Multiple number comparative  

(Number multiple) + as + many/much + N + as ::  

Double comparatives - so sanh kep :: Cang... Cang... 

The more + S + V + the more + S + V + ::  

Ex.  

Herry is the smarter of the two boys.  

This encyclopedia costs twice as much as the other one.  

The hotter it is, the more miserable I fell.  

The more we study, the smarter we will be.  

It has a longer history than any region of North America. 

Much too much for (sb) : excess :: du 

Much more quickly  

Much too fast  

Supperlative :: so sanh hon nhat  

Pattern :: mau cau  

( Much) + the (most / least) + adj / adv - EST + in / of + N  

One of the + (most / least) + adj / adv - EST + plural N + single V + 

The first + adj / adv + S + to - inf 

Ex.  

One of the greatest tennis players in the world is Bjorn Borg. 

Vocabulary:: xay dung tinh tu so sanh 

Regular 

Short adj/adv (1 syllable) :: tinh tu ngan, tu co 1am tiet,  

Short adj/adv # add -ER or - EST :: tinh tu ngan, tu co 1am tiet, chi can them hau to -ER hay - EST de thanh lap tinh tu so sanh. 

adj/adv - Single vowel - single consonant # (double the consonant) + ER / EST:: tinh tu co cau tao gom 1nguyen am - 1 phu am o cuoi chu, thi can lap lai phu am truoc khi them hau to -ER hay - EST de thanh lap tinh tu so sanh. 

Long adj/adv (>= 2 syllables) :: tinh tu ngan la tu co 2 am tiet tro len,  

More/ the most + Long adj/adv -ed / -ful / - ish / - ous. 

More/ the most + Short/ Long adj/adv -some, - y, er, - el, - ow, -le.  

Ex.  

Bigger, redder, hotter, ... 

More useful, more boring, more stylish, more cautious... 

Irregular comparatives and supperatives :: tinh tu so sanh bat quy tac 

Far Farther 

Further Farthest 

Furthest Xa  

Little Less Least It  

Many / Much More Most Nhieu  

Good / Well Better Best Tot 

Bad / Badly Worse Worst Xau  

Late (adv) Later Last Tre  

Old (adj) Older 

Elder Oldest  

Eldest Gia  

V-ing = adj :: cho nghia chu dong  

V-ed = adj :: cho nghia bi dong

© Tran Minh Hai.

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