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social dimension of education


Multicultural Education Defined

• "Multicultural education idea or concept, and educational reform movement, and a process." 

• Multicultural education is a philosophical concept built on the ideals of freedom, justice, equality, equity, and human dignity.  

• Multicultural education affirms our need to prepare students for their responsibilities in an interdependent world.

Multicultural Education Defined 

• Multicultural education recognizes the role schools can play in developing the attitudes and values necessary for a democratic society.  

• Multicultural education values cultural differences and affirms the pluralism that students, their communities, and teachers reflect.  

• Multicultural education challenges all forms of discrimination in schools and society through the promotion of democratic principles of social justice.

Multicultural Education Defined 

• Multicultural education is a process that permeates all aspects of school practices, policies and organization as a means to ensure the highest levels of academic achievement for all students.  

• Multicultural education helps students develop a positive self-concept by providing knowledge about the histories, cultures, and contributions of diverse groups.  

• Multicultural education prepares all students to work actively toward structural equality in organizations and institutions by providing the knowledge, dispositions, and skills for the redistribution of power and income among diverse groups.

Components of Multicultural Education

• Multicultural education is evident on three basic levels or programs.  

• The first is simply a program or curriculum that deals with infusing the experiences of ethnic groups.  

• The second, is a program that adds the equity of women to ethic groups.  

• The third, and most comprehensive multicultural education would be a complete reform of the current educational system to improve education equality for the gamut of cultural, gender, ethnic, and varied economic groups. 

Dimensions of Multicultural Education

• Content Integration 

• deals with the extent to which teachers use examples and content from a variety of cultures and group to illustrate key concepts, principles, generalizations, and theories in their subject area or discipline 

• more opportunities exist for social studies, language arts, and music 

• there are opportunities in math and science, but they are less ample than other subject areas


Dimensions of Multicultural Education 

• The Knowledge Construction Process 

• relates to the extent to which teachers help students understand, investigate, and determine how the implicit cultural assumptions, frames of reference, perspectives, and biases within a discipline influence the ways in which knowledge is constructed within it 

• racism has been perpetuated in science by genetic theories of intelligence 

• social studies and history being constructed from the point of view of European Americas as opposed to the point of view of the Native Americans 

Dimensions of Multicultural Education

• Prejudice Reduction 

• describes lessons and activities teachers use to help students develop positive attitudes towards different racial, ethnic, and cultural groups 

• Allport's (1954) contact hypothesis states that contact between groups will improve inter-group relations when four conditions are met: (1) equal status, (2) cooperation instead of competition, (3) sanction by authorities such as teachers, and (4) interpersonal interactions in which students become acquainted as individuals. 

Dimensions of Multicultural Education 

• An Equity Pedagogy 

• teachers in discipline can analyze their teaching procedures and styles to determine the extent to which they reflect multi cultural issues and concerns 

• exists when teachers modify their teaching strategies in ways that will enhance academic achievement of students from diverse backgrounds 

• An Empowering School Culture 

• a school culture and organization that promotes gender, racial, and social-class equity 

• important variables to be examined to create an empowering school culture are sports participation, disproportionality in achievement and enrollment in gifted and special education programs, as well as interaction of staff and students across ethnic and racial lines

Multicultural Education Defined

• "Multicultural education idea or concept, and educational reform movement, and a process."

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