LC k huy ngang

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- So tien ghi tren LC thuong dc ghi: ghi ca = so va chu, trung khop ca ve gia tri va don vi tien te.

+ Neu sai khac thi phai chinh sua.

+ Thong thuong tren LC voi mat hang roi, cac ben thuong quy dinh 1 so tien khoang chung or den han.

+ Doi voi nhung loai H don vi la cai, cin, chiec thi so tien tren LC phai quy dinh 1 cach chinh xac.

- LC khong the huy ngang : la 1 su cam ket chak chan cua NH mo thu tin dung thanh toan hoac su thanh toan neu cac dieu kien cua thu tin dung dc thoa man, neu thu tin dung do dung de thanh toan( dieu 3 Quy tac va Thuc hanh thong nhat tin dung chung tu). Ban chat cua thu tin dung khong huy ngang la nguoi ban chak chan se dc thanh toan neu xuat trinh dung bo chung tu. Chinh vi chak chan dc thanh toan khi xuat trinh du bo chung tu nen LC khong huy ngang duoc su dung nhieu trong thanh toan quoc te.

- Tai sao pthuc thanh toan tin dung chung tu dc su dung thong dung nhat trong thanh toan NT. Do no dam bao dc quyen loi cho ca nguoi ban va nguoi mua. Phuong thuc tin dung chung tu la 1 su thoa thuan, trong do 1 NH( NH mo thu tin dung) theo ycau cua KH (ng y cau mo thu tin dung) se tra 1 so tien nhat dinh cho 1 nguoi khac( nguoi huong loi so tien cua thu tin dung) or chap nhan hoi phieu do nguoi nay ki phat trong pham vi so tien do khi nguoi nay xuat trinh cho NH bo chung tu thanh toan phu hop voi nhungquy dinh de ra trong thu tin dung.

- Cac tinh chat cua LC: co the chuyen nhuong.

+ noi dung ve bo chung tu la noi dung quan trong nhat cua LC va co y nghia doi voi NXK, day la phan nghia vu ma nguoi ban, nguoi XK the hien sau khi da giao hang, bo chung tu ma nguoi XK phai xuat trinh va chuan bi co ban phan chia lam 2 loai. Chung tu tai chinh: HP, Sec. Chung tu TM. Cac chi tiet tren bo chung tu phai an khop voi nhau va thoa man cac tieu chi kiem tra kiem soat cua NH( hop ly va hop phap).

3. Pthuc chuyen tien: nha NK yeu cau ngan hang cua minh chuyen 1 so tien nhat dinh cho NXK( nguoi huong loi) o 1 dia diem nhat dinh bang phuong tien chuyen tien do NNK quy dinh

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