ty suat loi nhuan

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a.ty suat loi nhuan (TSLN)
tren thuc te cac nha tb thu dc loi nhuan tren co so tsln da xac dinh
tsln la ty so tinh theo % giua gttd va toan bo tb ung truoc
cong thuc tong wat xac dinh tsln: p'=m/(c+v)*100%
tsln la chi tieu phan anh muc doanh loi khi tien hanh dau tu cua nha tb. Thong qua ty suat loi nhuan giau cac nganh trong nen kinh te , cung cho thay dau tu vao nganh nao la co loi nhat
tsln co moi quan he chat che voi ty suat gttd dong thoi giua chung co su khac nhau ca ve chat va luong
ve mat chat: m' fan anh trinh do boc lot cua nha tb voi cong nhan lam thue , con p' ko phan anh dc dieu do,ma' chi noi dc muc doanh thu cua viec dau tu tb
tsln chi cho nha dau tu tb biet tb cua ho dau tu vao dau thi co loi hon. Do do thu loi nhuan va theo duoi tsln l dong luc thuc day cac nha tb, la muc tieu canh tranh cua cac nha tb
ve mat luong: p' luon nho hon m' vi :
p' =m/(c+v) *100% con m'=m/v *100%
b.nhung nhan to
-ty suat gia tri thang du
ty suat gia tri thang du cang cao thi ty suat loi nhuan cang lon va nguoc lai
-cau tao huu co cua tb
Trong dk ty suat gttd khong doi , neu cau tao huu co tb cang cao thi tsln cang giam va nguoc lai
-toc do chu chuyen cua tb
Neu toc do chu chuyen cua tb cang lon thi tan suat san sinh ra gttd trong nam cua tb ung truoc cang nhieu lan,gttd theo do ma tang len lam cho tsln cung cang tang
-tiet kiem tb bat bien
Trong dieu kien ty suat gttd va tb khs bien ko doi, neu tb bat bien cang nho thi' tsln cang lon
4 nhan to tren day deu dc cac nha tb su dung , khai thac 1 cach triet de de dat dc tsln cao nhat do cung la nhung cach thuc lam gia tang tsln

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