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MEANING AND RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN EDUCATION AND PSYCHOLOGY By: Anupama Sharma

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MEANING AND RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN
EDUCATION AND PSYCHOLOGY
By: Anupama Sharma
Structure
1.1 Introduction
1.2 Objectives
1.3 What is Psychology
1.4 What is Education
1.5 What is Educational Psychology
1.6 What are the constituents of Educational Psychology.
1.7 What is the relationship between Education and Psychology?
1.8 Definitions
1.9 What is the difference between Psychology and Educational Psychology?
1.10 Ask Yourself
1.11 Suggested Readings.
1.1 INTRODUCTION:
Human mind is the richest resource, which has no frontiers. The knowledge of
it in real sense has no parallel. A part of it is processed scientifically and systematized
as a branch of knowledge, namely psychology which is applied in the field of education
i.e. Educational Psychology. It deals with the Art and Science of teaching and learning
education broadly intends to prepare the child for life which is the most valuable
thing.
"Education is the handmade of Psychology". Education cannot bring any fruit
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without Psychology.
1.2 OBJECTIVES:
The main objective of this lesson is to equip you with.
􀂾 The meaning of Education and Psychology.
􀂾 The meaning of Educational Psychology.
􀂾 The constituents of Educational Psychology.
􀂾 Relationship between Education and Psychology.
PSYCHOLOGY AND EDUCATION
Psychology is a growing subject. It is a developing science extending its
branches in different spheres. Today Psychology has its challenges from the
contemporary world of social sciences. Primary aim of Psychology is to understand
human nature the secondary aim is to serve society.
Psychology occupies a prominent place in the educational theory of today.
Although Psychology cannot formulate the aim of education, it tells us at once whether
an aim is in vain or whether it is possible to achieve. Psychology can tell how far the
aim is realistic and helps us to evaluate our results. It is of utmost value in the process
of achieving the aim i.e. the means of achievement.
Adam says that the task of the teacher is to influence learner, the study of
Psychology will enable the teacher to understand himself and understand the innate
endowment of the child, laws of his development, the evergrowing complexity of the
mind, the effect of environment and development of personality.
1.3 WHAT IS PSYCHOLOGY:
Psychology seeks to understand and explain behaviour in terms of mental
and bodily activities. Its Chief problem is how and why we behave, how we think,
know, feel and act and why we think, know, feel and act in the way we do. Psychology
infact is the independent field of study. It has emerged from Philosophy. The word
Psychology was used by Roudolf Goeckle in the year 1590 for the first time.
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It is a combination of 2 Greek words Psyche and logos Psyche means soul
and logos means talk about. Thus by derivation Psychology means talk about soul or
the science of soul. During 16th Century the soul was replaced by mind. Later on the
term mind was replaced by consciousness. The functionalists define it as a "Science
of behavior".
1.4 WHAT IS EDUCATION:
Education is the touch stone of the civilization and culture of a country. It is an
integral part and basis of human life and it is as old as human existence and shall
continue function as long as human being lives. In other words we can say that human
life begins with education. The fulfillment of the needs of human life is possible only
through education.
Etymologically the term education originated from latin word educare which
means to bring up or to nourish. It means that the child has to be nourished according
to certain norms. Moreover it is also derived from the latin word educare which
means to lead out and at last derived from the word educatum which means "The act
of teaching or training".
1.5 WHAT IS EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY:
Educational Psychology is nothing but one branch of applied psychology. It is
the study of the psychological aspects of educational studies, which deals with the
teaching and learning process. Credit goes to Russian for introducing the psychological
tendency in Education more and more educational psychology helps in understanding

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